Revelan detalles de la evolución de las galaxias que se zambullen en los cúmulosDescubrimiento de una galaxia inesperadamente solitariaAgujeros negros con carga eléctrica como alternativa a la materia oscura

Details of the evolution of "backsplash" galaxies unravelled

A study led by a team from the Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Astronomy (IATE), using computer simulations, explains the transformation of galaxies that enter and leave a cluster.

Unexpectedly lonely galaxy discovered

An international team, including Carlos Donzelli, a researcher at the Instituto de Astronomía Teórica y Experimental (IATE) and the Observatorio Astronómico de Córdoba, made a finding that could challenge the timescales in which galaxies are expected to grow. These results were obtained using data from NASA’s Chandra X-ray Observatory and the Gemini International Observatory.

Black holes with electric charge as an alternative to dark matter

Un equipo internacional co-dirigido por Nelson Padilla, investigador del Instituto de Astronomía Teórica y Experimental (IATE), publicaron un artículo que vincula los agujeros negros, las cargas eléctricas y la materia oscura.


Automatic model for the generation of eclipsing binary system catalogues

We present the Compound Decision Tree (CDT), an automatic tool for the generation of catalogues of eclipsing binary systems (EBs). This supervised machine learning model is part of a pipeline that has as input time series of EBs and as output the classification of these systems into Detached, Semi-detached and Contact. The training of the model and its evaluation was performed using a catalogue of 100 EBs from the VISTA Variables in the Vía Láctea Survey (VVV) Survey, using tile d040. The performance of CDT to generate catalogues in other tiles was tested on tile d078, obtaining a good classification performance in the three types of EBs compared to the classification performed visually.

En el proceso, extrajimos características de las curvas de luz con feets (feATURES eXTRACTOR for tIME sERIES, Cabral et al. 2018) añadimos el cálculo de la diferencia de amplitud entre mínimos y los diferentes periodos. Después mediante MUTUAL INFORMATION generamos una lista de puntuaciones para 35 características, la puntuación depende de la correlación entre las características de las curvas de luz y las clases de EBs.

Finally, we use 3 models (M1, M2 and M3). These models are composed of decision tree (DT), random forest (RF), k-nearest neighbour (KNN) and linear support vector classification (LSVC), plus a voting system. Classification is performed using a composite decision tree. First, M1 classifies BS C and D. Then, depending on the result, M2 classifies BS D and SD or M3 classifies BS C and SD.

In Automated classification of eclipsing binary systems in the VVV Survey the outline of the process for determining the best model for the classification of BEs is shown in detail. And in the repository of the vanedaza/CDTIn addition to a notebook for the use of the CDT model we include notebooks for data curation and pre-processing, feature generation, and a notebook is used to generate a report in .tex format containing the light curves of the eclipsing binary systems and a table with information about the system and the classification.

ROGER: Reconstructing Orbits of Galaxies in ExtremeRegions using machine learning techniques

Galaxies in the Universe show a wide variety of properties as a result of the action of both, internal and environmental processes. Clusters of galaxies constitute the most extreme environments in the Universe for galaxy evolution. Galaxies in clusters exhibit different properties compared to galaxies that reside in the field, or in less massive systems.

On the other hand, machine learning techniques (machine learning) represent a new way of analyzing big data-sets in an agnostic and homogeneous way. Taking into account the amount of data generated by current and future surveys and simulations, the data-driven techniques will become a fundamental tool for their analysis.

Here we present ROGER (Reconstructing Orbits of Galaxies in Extreme Regions), a machine learning technique that relates the two-dimensional PPSD position of galaxies to their 3D orbits. The code retrieves the probability for each galaxy to belong to each class using only its position on the projected phase-spacei.e, distance to the cluster center (normalized to R200) and relative LOS velocity to the cluster center (normalized to the velocity dispersion).

This code was trained and calibrated using a synthetic catalog of clusters and galaxies constructed using the semi-analytic model of galaxy formation and evolution SAG on the Multidark MDPL2 cosmological simulation.

The code is completely free and public. Can be used as an R package (for more details see through its online version at

This project was developed by Martín de los Rios, Julián Martínez, Valeria Coenda, Hernán Muriel, Andrés Ruiz, Cristian Vega and Sofia Cora and was published in the international journal  MNRAS.

MeSsI (Merging Systems Identification)

de los rios+16 2016MNRAS.458..226D 

Merging galaxy systems provides observational evidence of the existence of dark matter and constraints on its properties. Therefore, statistical uniform samples of merging systems would be a powerful tool for several studies. In this work, we present MeSsI (Merging Systems Identification algorithm) a new machine learning method for merging systems identification. 

We use as a starting point a mock catalog of galaxy systems, identified using traditional FoF algorithms, which experienced a major merger as indicated by its merger tree. This code is completely free and public and can be downloaded and used as an R package (

This project was developed by Martín de los Rios, Mariano Domínguez, Dante Paz and Manuel Merchán.

Fargo 3D

fargohomeA versatile multifluid HD/MHD code that runs on clusters of CPUs or GPUs, with special emphasis on protoplanetary disks. FARGO3D is the successor of the FARGO code, that you can still find in the legacy part of this site. FARGO3D. The main features of FARGO3D are: FARGO3D son:

Cartesian, cylindrical or spherical geometry. As in FARGO, a simple Runge-Kutta N-body solver may be used to describe the orbital evolution of embedded point-like objects. Multifluid capability. 1, 2 or 3 dimensional calculations. Orbital advection (aka FARGO) for HD and MHD calculations. No need to know CUDA: you can develop new functions in C and have them translated to CUDA automatically to run on GPUs. FARGO3D was written by Pablo Benítez Llambay (main developper) and by Frédéric Masset. The multifluid version was developed by Pablo Benítez Llambay and Leonardo Krapp.

This project presents a specialized library for time-domain astronomy, providing a collection of varied light-curve features to describe celestial objects through their luminosity changes. The library utilizes machine learning algorithms for classification, offering a collaborative and open tool designed to streamline the universal analysis of astronomical photometric databases. Its objectives include promoting standardization across surveys and enhancing efficiency in tasks such as modeling, classification, data cleaning, outlier detection, and overall data analysis.

More information: feets



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